Who experiences racism?
Many people experience racist behaviour.
Surveys by the Challenging Racism Project and Scanlon Foundation show that approximately 20 per cent of Australians experience racism, and about 5 per cent have been physically attacked because of their race.
Some groups experience racism more than others.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians report higher levels of racism. So do migrants and refugees. Those who have recently arrived in Australia, or who come from non-English speaking backgrounds, report particularly high levels of racism.
Media reports and commentary that use negative stereotypes about refugees and migrants can fuel prejudice against these groups in the wider community. These attitudes can make it difficult for new arrivals to find housing and jobs, and to feel connected to their communities.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and those from culturally diverse backgrounds, may also have to deal with systemic forms of discrimination. For many Indigenous people, systemic racism is bound up in historical disadvantage and mistreatment. Practices like removing Indigenous children from their families have caused huge amounts of hurt and pain for individuals, families and communities. This shows up in many different ways, such as poor health, high rates of mental illness and family breakdown.
 Andrew Markus, Mapping Social Cohesion: The Scanlon Foundation surveys 2018 (2018) p67
 Kathleen Blair et al, Challenging Racism Project 2015-16 National Survey Report (2017) p13.
 Australian Human Rights Commission, https://humanrights.gov.au/who-experiences-racism