What is racism?
Racism takes many forms and can happen in many places. It means treating someone poorly because of their skin colour, ethnicity or where they come from.
This could be harassment, abuse or humiliation – but it may not always involve violent or intimidating behaviour. Name-calling and hurtful jokes can be a form of racism, and so can excluding people from groups or activities.
Racism can take place in many situations. It can happen in a public space, like on the sports field or at work. It could also be online, or something you see in the media.
Racism can be revealed through people’s attitudes, as well as their words or actions. It can also be reflected in systems and institutions. But sometimes it may not be visible at all. Not all racism is obvious. For example, someone may look through a list of job applicants and decide not to interview those with certain surnames.
Racism includes all the barriers that prevent people from enjoying dignity and equality because of their race.